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          State Council on strengthening and improving fire prevention (State Council No. 46 article)
           

          State Council on strengthening and improving fire prevention

          Provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, wagons, agencies directly under:
          "Eleventh Five-Year", various localities and departments to seriously implement the national plans and requirements, to strengthen fire prevention, putting prevention first, combining anti-consumer, full implementation of fire safety measures, the overall ability to resist fire rising, Fire situation is generally stable, the economic and social development, protect people's life and property safety and made important contributions. However, with the rapid development of China's economy and society, causal factors significantly increased the probability of fire prevention and control difficult and a corresponding increase in some areas, departments and units of fire safety responsibility is not implemented, the work place, public fire safety infrastructure with economic and social development are incompatible, fire security capabilities with the security needs of the people can not meet, public awareness of fire safety management is incompatible with modern society, fire prevention situation is still grim, on the whole is still in fire-prone, prone period . In order to further strengthen and improve the fire-fighting work, now make the following observations:

          First, the guiding ideology, basic principles and main objectives
          (A) guiding ideology. Deng Xiaoping Theory and the important thought of "Three Represents" as guidance, thoroughly implement the scientific concept of development, earnestly implement the "People's Republic of China Fire Law" and other laws and regulations, adhere to the unified leadership of the government, department supervision according to law, the unit has overall responsibility for active participation of citizens strengthening and innovation of fire safety management, responsibility, and strengthen prevention, remediation risks, solid foundation to further enhance the fire prevention and fire-fighting emergency rescue capabilities, and continuously improve the level of public fire safety, effective fire prevention and reduction of fire hazards, economic and social development People live and work to create a good environment for fire safety.
          (B) the basic principles. Adhere to government-led, and constantly improve the social firefighting work pattern; persist in reform and innovation, and strive to improve fire safety management systems and mechanisms; adhere to the comprehensive management, and consolidate its fire safety infrastructure of urban and rural; adhere to scientific and technological support, greatly enhance the fire prevention and fire fighting emergency rescue capabilities; adhere to the people-oriented effectively protect people's lives and property safety.
          (C) the main objective. By 2015, the fire service and the economic and social development of basic adaptation, fire laws and regulations to further improve the social structure of the basic form of fire prevention, public fire-fighting facilities and fire equipment building basic standards, fire emergency rescue force system covering urban and rural areas gradually improve citizen Fire Security quality is generally enhanced ability to resist fire the whole society has improved significantly, especially Qunsiqunshang of major fire accidents have been effectively curbed.

          Second, earnestly strengthen fire prevention
          (Iv) strengthen the source of the fire safety control. Development of urban and rural planning should take full account of the security needs of the fire, leave enough distance between fire safety, to ensure passage of fire engines and other standard. Establishment of fire engineering construction design, construction quality and fire audit inspection lifelong responsibility, construction, design, construction and supervision units and practitioners and the public security fire departments to strictly comply with fire regulations, prohibit the unauthorized reduce fire safety standards. Administrative examination and approval department for matters related to fire safety should be strictly in accordance with the approval, which do not meet the statutory criteria for approval, planning, construction, real estate management department may issue related construction projects and licenses, safety supervision department production license shall be issued according to relevant safety, education, civil affairs, human resources and social security, health, culture, heritage, air defense and other departments may not approve opening schools, kindergartens, nurseries, social welfare organizations, the human resources market, hospitals, museums and public entertainment and other crowded places. Do not meet the fire safety requirements of hotels, scenic spots, the deadline to correct, eliminate hidden dangers before, the tourism sector can not be classified as star hotels, A-level scenic spots. For production, management fake fire products, quality inspection departments to cancel the law of their qualifications related to market access, the business sector to revoke the business license in accordance with the Fire Service Law and the Product Quality Law; the use of substandard fire protection products, public security and fire departments To prosecute.
          (V) strengthen the fire investigation and remediation. To establish normalized fire hazard investigation and remediation mechanisms, organizations crowded places, flammable and explosive unit, urban fringe, urban Street area, production storage living as one of the "three in one" place, "Villages" Fire Safety Management "shanty town", rental, contiguous villages and other weak links, there is the impact of regional public fire safety of fire hazards, the local government to develop and implement control planning, and promptly eliminate fire hazards; to there is a serious threat to public fire safety units and place, to urge to take the transformation, move, cut, disabled and other measures to rectification. To strictly implement major fire hazards filing to close the case, experts, supervise the handling and announcement system, the local government received a report to supervise the handling, cease after rectification report, to make a decision within seven days, and urge rectification. To establish and improve fire hazard reports, complaints system, and promptly deal with the admissibility of fire hazards.
          (F) the strict fire-risk units of fire safety management. Qunsiqunshang likely cause of the fire personnel crowded places, flammable and explosive units and high-level, underground and other public buildings in high-risk units, to implement more stringent fire safety regulation, and urge them to press with the requirements of first aid and protective equipment, the implementation of civil defense, physical defense, anti-technology measures to improve the self-help self-defense capability. To establish a fire-risk assessment unit of fire safety systems, conduct assessments on a regular basis by the institutions qualified to assess the results to the public, as a unit of credit ratings an important reference. Fire in high-risk units should participate in fire public liability insurance. The provincial government to develop fire-risk unit of fire safety regulations clearly define the scope of the fire safety standards and regulatory measures.
          (Vii) the strict construction sites, building fire safety management. To strengthen the law on the construction of the fire safety inspection of the construction site, supervise construction unit to implement the use of fire, electricity and other fire safety measures in public buildings in the business, during use shall be carried out construction work insulation materials, energy-saving residential building during operations should be evacuated Living personnel, and set up fire safety patrols, strict separation of fire with welding operations and insulation construction work, non arrange accommodation in the building construction. New construction, renovation, expansion project insulation materials are not allowed to use flammable materials, strictly limit the use of combustible materials. Housing and Urban-Rural Development Ministry together with relevant departments, to seize the relevant standards, to speed up the development and promotion of new building insulation material has good fire performance, strict management measures and effective technical measures to improve the fire performance of building insulation material systems reduce fire hazards. Building interior decoration materials must comply with state and industry standards and fire safety requirements. The relevant departments to study and to improve the performance of building materials, build-out mechanism, part of flammable, toxic and severe occupational hazards range of materials included in the phase-out.
          (Viii) enhance fire promote education and training. We should conscientiously implement the "National Fire safety education Outline (2011-2015)", multiple forms and channels to carry out the "National Fire, life is supreme" as the theme of fire prevention education, and continuously deepen fire propaganda into the schools, communities, enterprises , into the countryside, into the family, and vigorously popularize knowledge of fire safety. Note enhance fire safety for the elderly, women and children education. Continue to play a role in education should pay attention to the fire regulations and fire control knowledge into leading cadres and civil servants training, vocational training, science and legal education, compulsory education content. Newspapers, radio, television, Internet and other news media to actively carry out fire safety publicity, arrange special session, area Kanbo fire PSAs. Primary and secondary schools to implement education courses in the fire, to carry out at least once a full emergency evacuation drill annually. (Village) committees and property services organization carried out at least once a year the residents fire emergency evacuation drills. Fully rely on the public security and fire professional institutions strengthen personnel training. The State encourages colleges and universities to open and fire engineering, fire management and related professional courses, support social forces to carry out fire training, and actively cultivate community fire professionals. To strengthen the unit responsible for fire safety, fire safety manager, fire control room operators and fire protection design, construction, supervision staff and security, electricity (gas) welder, fire safety training Fire technical services employees.

          Third, efforts to lay a solid basis for the fire service
          (Ix) improving the fire laws and regulations. To timely development of the Fire Services Act implementing regulations, improve quality supervision of fire protection products and market access system, fire regulations and technical standards technical services community fire, building fire protection and fire inspection audits and other aspects. There are places to highlight legislative power for the local fire safety issues, the timely development, improve the local laws, local government regulations and technical standards. Develop and implement more stringent fire safety standards municipalities, provincial capitals city, deputy provincial cities and other cities from the construction fire protection design, public fire facilities, hidden investigation and remediation, fire and rescue and so on.
          (J) To strengthen fire science and technology support. To continue to fire research science technology into science and technology development planning and research program, and actively promote fire science and technology innovation and improve the use of science and technology to resist fire levels. To study the implementation of relevant policies and measures to encourage and support the development and application of advanced technology and equipment. To strengthen fire science and fire engineering, disaster prevention and control theory based on research results into applications to speed up the fire. To enhance high-level, underground construction and rail transportation and other fire prevention, fire fighting and rescue technology and equipment research and development, encourage innovation and the introduction of digestion and absorption of advanced technologies, promote the use of fire new products, new technologies, new materials, fire-fighting and rescue equipment to accelerate common , serialization and standardization direction. To enhance fire information construction and application of information technology to continuously improve the level of fire protection.
          (Xi) the strengthening of public fire protection facilities. To strictly implement the scientific preparation and planning of urban and rural fire, no fire planning for urban and rural planning must not content approval. To rational layout production, storage of flammable and explosive dangerous goods units and establishments to ensure compliance with the requirements of urban and rural fire safety layout, fire station, fire water, fire communications, fire truck passageway and other public facilities to the simultaneous development of urban and rural infrastructure to ensure compliance with national standards. Responsible for public fire facilities maintenance management departments and units to strengthen the public fire protection facilities maintenance, ensure that it can work. Commercial pedestrian street, markets and other public places and residential areas to ensure the smooth passage of fire engines. Any unit or individual shall not bury and occupy, damage public fire facilities shall not be diverted, misappropriated public fire protection facilities construction projects.
          (Xii) to develop various forms of fire brigades. To gradually strengthen active firefighting forces, the fire service technology to strengthen the backbone of the building. In accordance with relevant state regulations, to develop a full-time fire brigade government, enterprises and institutions full-time fire brigade and volunteer fire department. Various forms of fire-fighters equipped with necessary equipment to carry out the appropriate business training, and constantly enhance the combat effectiveness. Continue to explore the development and standardization of law enforcement assist firefighting team. To ensure that non-active duty firefighter wages and local economic and social development and are engaged in high-risk profession to adapt, according to the provisions of the non-active duty firefighters into the local social security system; injuries and deaths due to non-active duty firefighters, according to the relevant state provisions to implement the work-related injury insurance benefits, speak of smb reference to the relevant provisions of the commentary strong. The provincial government to develop a full-time fire team management approach to defining the scope of the construction team, construction standards, the nature of employment, vehicle management, financial guarantees and incentives.
          (Xiii) technical specification fire service organizations and employees management. Fire technical services to develop regulations, strict fire technical services qualification, qualification examination and approval, standardize the development of fire detection facilities, maintenance and fire safety assessment, counseling, monitoring, fire control technical services, technical services and urge fire service behavior, improve service quality and level. Fire technical service organizations and employees illegal, fraudulent held accountable according to the law in accordance with regulations and reduce or cancel the relevant qualifications, qualifications. To strengthen the fire industry-specific types of vocational evaluation, improving the fire of occupational qualification system, explore the establishment of an administrative license class fire Vocational Qualifications system, promote community fire PROFESSIONAL construction.
          (Xiv) to enhance fire emergency rescue. Local people's governments above the county level should rely on the advantages of public security fire brigades and other emergency rescue team of professional emergency rescue team to strengthen the comprehensive building, establish and improve fire fighting and emergency rescue command platform for social interaction mechanism, improve fire emergency rescue plan, strengthen fire emergency rescue drill, improve emergency response level. Public security and fire departments should strengthen the high-rise buildings, petrochemical and other special fire fighting and earthquake and other disaster emergency rescue technical and tactical research and application, and strengthen the professional training of officers and men at all levels to strengthen the duty to prepare for, and constantly enhance rapid response, tackling capability. To enhance fire training base and fire SWAT forces, optimize the structure of fire-fighting equipment, complete with conventional fire emergency rescue equipment and special equipment to explore the use of helicopters for emergency rescue. To strengthen fire-fighting and emergency rescue equipment and material reserves, the establishment of peacetime and wartime, carry out security combat service support system.

          Fourth, the full implementation of fire safety responsibility
          (15) the main responsibility for the full implementation of fire safety. Organs, organizations, enterprises and institutions of the legal representative of the unit primarily responsible for fire safety. All units must perform duties according to law, protect the necessary fire investment, and effectively improve the inspection to eliminate fire hazards, fire fighting since the beginning organization, organizational ability and fire evacuation escape publicity and education training. To establish a fire safety self-assessment mechanism, fire safety key units per quarter, other units every six months on their own or entrust a qualified agency to the unit to conduct a fire safety inspection and evaluation, so that security self-examination, hidden from the addition, responsibility. To establish a building fire routine maintenance system, a comprehensive inspection at least once a year to ensure good and effective fire-fighting facilities. To strictly implement the fire control room management and emergency procedures specified, fire control room operator must be certified.
          (Xvi) to perform management and supervisory duties according to law. Adhere to who's in charge, who is responsible for various departments and units within their mandate to do fire prevention law. Construction, business, culture, education, health, civil affairs, cultural and other departments should strengthen construction sites, hotels, restaurants, shopping malls, markets, schools, hospitals, public places of entertainment, social welfare agencies, the martyrs memorial facilities, tourist areas (spots) museums, cultural relics protection units and other fire safety management, establish and improve the fire safety system, strictly implement fire safety measures. Safety supervision, industry and commerce, quality inspection, transportation, railways, public security departments should strengthen the dangerous chemicals and fireworks safety supervision of the pressure vessel, according to the law to crack down on illegal production, transportation, trading, fireworks behavior. Environmental protection departments to strengthen fire safety inspection of nuclear power plants, the implementation of fire prevention and control measures.
          Public security organs and fire departments to strictly perform their duties, fire safety situation every six months to analyze judged and comprehensive assessment report to the local government to take specific measures to address the outstanding issues. To strengthen law enforcement, investigate and punish violations fire, seriously endangers the lives and safety of the public must be strictly punished; Police Station and community (rural) police office to strengthen routine fire inspection, to carry out fire safety publicity, and promptly rectification of fire hazards.
          (17) strengthen the organization and leadership. Local governments fully responsible for the fire service in the region, the government is mainly responsible person first responsible person in charge responsible for human primary responsibility, other responsible person should conscientiously implement fire safety, "A Pair of responsibility" system. To fire control work in the overall economic and social development planning, into the government target responsibility for the contents of the comprehensive management of social management, strict supervision and evaluation. To increase fire investment, ensure that fire development requirements. The central and provincial finance development in poor areas cause of the fire to give some support. City and county levels government should organize the development and implementation of urban and rural fire planning, strengthen public fire facilities, fire power, fire equipment construction, renovation eliminate fire hazards. Township people's governments and subdistrict offices to establish a fire safety organization, specifically the person responsible for the fire service, the implementation of fire safety grid management, enhance fire safety infrastructure, to enhance the level of work in rural and community fire. Local people's governments at all levels should establish and improve fire protection coordination mechanism, regularly study and resolve major issues of fire safety, and promote the community fire safety "firewall" project, carefully organize fire investigation and statistics. Fire welfare of enthusiastic, proactive reporting fire alarm and fire fighting units and individuals, should be rewarded. Provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in the region to make a special report firefighting work each year to the State Council.
          (Xviii) a rigorous assessment and accountability. To establish and improve fire protection assessment system, for all localities, departments and units to conduct annual fire work is completed rigorous assessment, and the establishment of accountability mechanisms. Local people's governments at all levels and relevant departments functions and duties, in terms of fire safety related to administrative examination and approval, public fire facilities, major fire hazards rectification, fire ineffective work force development, dereliction of duty, the person concerned shall be investigated according to discipline the responsibility, suspected of a crime, transferred to judicial organs. Public security organs and fire departments who abuse their power, dereliction of duty, abuse of power, to be dealt with severely according to discipline. Each unit because of fire safety responsibility is not implemented, fire prevention and control measures in place, a fire accident casualties, shall be investigated according to discipline the officers responsible; a major fire accidents, should be investigated according to discipline the people responsible for the actual control who is responsible for higher-level units of local government and relevant departments responsible persons and; particularly serious fire accident occurred, according to the circumstances, be held accountable municipal leaders in charge or the principal leaders; consequences are particularly serious, affecting particularly bad , to be held in accordance with the provisions of the relevant provincial leadership responsibilities.

           
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